7.62 x 54 Russian ammo (aka 7.62 x 54R) is a rimmed, bottle-necked, .30 caliber, rifle cartridge originally designed in 1891 for use by the Russian military in the Mosin-Nagant Model 91 bolt action rifle and it remained the standard Russian service cartridge through WWII. In addition, during WWI, Remington, Winchester, and Westinghouse all produced Mosin-Nagant rifles for the Russian war effort but, after the Soviet Revolution, these fine rifles were no longer exported and were instead sold to the American public via military surplus vendors. Rifles chambered for this powerful cartridge are still readily available today. However, this cartridge is not limited to military use. In fact, with a muzzle velocity comparable to that of the .30-06 Springfield combined with a wide range of expanding bullets, this cartridge makes a excellent hunting round.
Today, you’ll find 7.62x54r ammunition is available in factory loads with bullet weights ranging from 147 grain to 203 grain.
The 7.6x54r cartridge is capable of taking down any North American game animal from Prairie Dogs to Moose. Furthermore, this cartridge has proven to be incredibly accurate in international long-range shooting competitions; probably due to the very high ballistic coefficient of the 174-grain Boat Tail Hollow Point Match bullet. Consequently, target shooters from other nations have started to take notice of this fine cartridge as well.